VII. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct answer khổng lồ each of the question

Until recently, most American entrepreneurs were men. Discrimination against women in business, the demands of caring for families, and lack of business training had kept the number of women entrepreneurs small. Now, however, businesses owned by women trương mục for more than $40 billion in annual revenues, and this figure is likely khổng lồ continue rising throughout the 1990s. As Carolyn Doppelt Gray, an official of the Small Business Administration, has noted, “The 1970swas the decade of women entering management, và the 1980s turned out to be the decade of the woman entrepreneur”. What are some of the factors behind this trend? For one thing, as more women earn advanced degrees 111 bus mess & enter the corporate world, they are finding obstacles. Women are still excluded from most executive sầu suites. Charlotte Taylor, a management consultant, has noted, “In the 1970s, women believed if they got an MBA and worked hard they could become chairman of the board. Now they’ve found out that isn’t going lớn happen, so they go out on their own.” In the past, most women entrepreneurs worked in “women’s” fields: cosmetics & clothing, for example. But this is changing. Consider ASK Computer Systems, a $22-million-a-year computer software business. It was founded in 1973 by Sandra Kurtzig, who was then a housewife with degrees in math and engineering. When Kurtzig founded the business, her first product was software that let weekly newspapers keep tabs on their newspaper carriers & her office was a bedroom at trang chính, with a shoebox under the bed to lớn hold the company’s cash. After he succeeded with the newspaper software system, she hired several bright computer-science graduates lớn develop additional programs. When these were marketed & sold, ASK began lớn grow. It now has 200 employees, and Sandra Kurtzig owns $66.9 million of stock.

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Of course, many women who start their own business fail, just as men often bởi. They still face hurdle in the business world, especially problems in raising money, the banking & finance world is still dominated by men, and old attitudes die hard. Most businesses owned by women are still quite small. But the situation is challenge, there are likely khổng lồ be many more Sandra Kurtzigs in the years ahead.

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Women today are better educated than in the past, making them more attractive sầu khổng lồ the business world.